An Instructional Material: The History Box

Please Cite As: Dolmaz, M. (2018). Bir Öğretim Materyali: Tarih Kutusu, Uluslararası Alan Eğitiminde Materyal Sempozyumu, İstanbul, TURKEY, 3-5 Mayıs 2018, ss. 138-139.

PhD. Mustafa DOLMAZ

EXTENDED ABSTRACT

A material design with the name of the history box was developed for the research. The box consists of two layers. The material emerged from the stratification of the political periods of the Ottoman State. The introduction of the sultans who ruled the Ottoman State in chronological order is a must. In the first layer, there are gaps where the pictures of the founding sultans can be placed. In the second layer, it is aimed to introduce the ascendant sultans. The important thing in the material is to place the images of the sultan on the correct places and correct information. When all the pictures are correctly placed, the circuit placed below the layer is activated and the green led lights are on. If even a piece is misplaced, the lights are not active. In addition, the important actions of the sultans are written in the layers under the spaces where the pieces are placed.

The aim of this study is to get students’ opinions about this material which is used in the teaching of the Ottoman sultans. In line with this aim, the following questions were asked to the students through the interview form.

  • What are the views of students on the history box?
  • Could the used material teach the subjects to be taught?
  • Are students willing to design such a material?

The universe of the research is constituted by the students who are studying at the 7th grade level of a public school in Sivas province center in 2016-2017 education year. The sample of the research is composed of 30 randomly selected students from this school. Student interview form was used as data collection tool in the research.

The interview form consists of three open-ended questions.

  • How did you find the history box?
  • Could the material used in your teaching be summarized as necessary information?
  • Would you like to design such a material?

A document review method was used as a research method. The data obtained by this method were analyzed by descriptive analysis method.

Finally, in the study, nearly all of the students have reached the material that is fun and educational. Students have stated that the material teaches as much information as possible. It is also derived from students’ opinions that the students liked the material very much and carried the idea of making similar materials. In the light of these results, the following suggestions can be made:

  1. Teachers should pay attention to the use of materials in social studies lessons.
  2. Students should be encouraged to produce materials to be used.

Keywords: Social Studies, Material Use, History Box.

Student Opinions on the Use of Models in the Teaching of Social Studies

Please Cite As: Dolmaz, M. (2018). Student Opinions on the Use of Models in the Teaching of Social Studies, International Field Education Material Symposium, Istanbul, TURKEY, 3-5 May 2018, ss. 133-135.

Student Opinions on the Use of Models in the Teaching of Social Studies

PhD. Mustafa DOLMAZ

Abstract

Education and training activities are now student-centered in today’s world. One of the most important issues in the curriculum that centers on the student is the use of materials. the use of material enhances the interest of the learner in the classroom, and makes the abstract concepts concrete. The use of material is of special importance for the Social Studies course. Social issues are abstract, although they are related to real life. The more concrete these concepts and subject are realized, the more likely the target achievements of the course will occur. The material to be used in the course can be prepared by the student or the teacher, or it can be bought. The preparation of materials by students, in particular, will give the student a chance to take responsibility for the learning process. Although there is a visible increase in the frequency of use of materials in the classroom compared to the old one, it is not possible to talk about adequate use yet. The design and use of affordable, easy-to-build and instructional materials that can be used in the teaching environment will add quality to the educational environment. For this purpose, a model was designed to handle the Conquest of Istanbul, which is located in the 7th Class Turkish History Journey Unit. Opinions of 7th grade students’ about the model were taken.

The Purpose of the Research

In this study, it was asked to determine the opinions of students on the subject of modeling. In accordance with this purpose;

For this purpose, the following questions will be answered:

  • 1: What are the opinions of students on the use of materials in the social studies class?
  • 2: What are the opinions of the students on the social studies course made with the model?
  • 3: What characteristics did the students like in the material used in the course? Or didn’t?
  • 4: Do students want to model the following lessons?

The Model of Research

In the research, document review method was used. Document review: The process of reviewing all kinds of writtenor visual documents related to research.

The Sample of the Research

The sample of the research consists of ten students from four different classes who are studying in the seventh grade of a public school in the city center of Sivas.

Data Collection Tools

An interview form consisting of open-ended questions has been prepared in order to get students’ opinions about the material. According to expert opinions, the final form was given to the form.

The following questions are on the form.

  • 1: Do you want to use material in social studies course?
  • 2: What are the opinions of the students on the social studies lesson using models?
  • 3: Do you like the material used in the course? Why?
  • 4: Do you want to process the following lessons with material?

Analysis of Data

The data obtained from the research were solved by the descriptive analysis method which is one of the recommended methods for qualitative researches. The data obtained in the descriptive analysis are transferred as quotes, without any change, as obtained from the interviewers.

Findings and Comment

The first finding was that the students had a positive attitude towards material use in the social studies class and that all students wanted to use the material in the course. Students want to learn lessons from materials instead of textbooks. The second finding was that the students liked the modeling lesson. Students want to use models more often in the course. The fact that a historical phenomenon can be demonstrated on a model is the most important reason why students love the lesson and it is understood from the opinions of these students.

According to the third finding, most of the students liked the fact that the modeling cost was low, in the models were used visual appeal materials, they were remarkable, the images were very similar to reality. The unfavorable direction is that the model is designed so that it can not be seen from a distance. According to the fourth finding, the students in the following lessons want to benefit from the models in social studies lessons.

Results and Suggestions

Students are warmly interested in the use of materials in the teaching of social studies course subjects. Especially, the fact that the students for the lessons which are

processed by using the models have adopted a positive attitude has been revealed  once again with the results of the research. Another result from research is that students liked to be impressive visual material, even though the models consist of simple and affordable materials. However, for distant pasts, the design was not suitable and this material could not be used effectively in a large group of students. Students also want to process the next lessons from time to time with models. In the light of these results, the following suggestions can be made:

  • It is suggested that models should be used by social studies teachers.
  • Teachers should use low cost models that students can easily access.
  • Advantages and disadvantages should be considered when using models.

Keywords: Model Usage, Social Studies, Conquest of Istanbul